Naturalisti

 

Guide for authors

 

Aims and scope

Bulletin of Regional Natural History (BORNH), formerly Bollettino della Società dei Naturalisti in Napoli, is an Italian on-line journal that promotes   the advance of the study of Natural Sciences giving particular attention to contributions that increase the knowledge of local geographical areas. This  with the aim to promote in-depth studies providing management tools and spatial planning policies for the conservation of diversity, as well as connections with other areas and archives of biodiversity.
BORNH provides rapid publication of research articles, review articles, commentaries, check lists, technical papers on methodological innovations or improvements and their application towards the development of effective conservation policies and practices.
BORNH publishes contributions in all branches of the Natural Science dealing with diversity, ecology and evolution of ecosystems: zoology, geology, mineralogy, ecology, paleontology, botany, systematics and phylogenetics, terrestrial and aquatic ecology and behaviour, parasitology, palaeontology, geomorfology, developmental biology, conservation biology, chemisty, applied studies. The geographical scope of the journal is worldwide.
Incoming manuscripts are initially judged by the Editor in Chief. A manuscript is acceptable by the Editor if it match the scope of the journal, so it will be forwarded to reviewers for evaluation. Following the approval of the final version the manuscript will be accepted for publication.
The Editor reserves the right to make editorial changes. Upon the acceptance of the manuscript,  the Authors agree  to the copyright being transferred to the publisher. Manuscripts, proofs, reviews and other correspondence concerning editorial matters should be addressed to the Editorial Office, e-mail: Questo indirizzo email è protetto dagli spambots. È necessario abilitare JavaScript per vederlo.
 

Submission of new manuscripts

Manuscripts are to be submitted to BORNH via e-mail directly to Editor in Chief to Questo indirizzo email è protetto dagli spambots. È necessario abilitare JavaScript per vederlo.   in order to facilitate rapid publication and minimise administrative costs.
 

Types of contribution

Commentaries
Check lists
Research articles
Review articles
Technical papers
History of Science

 

Style and Format

 

File format

Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word format(DOC or DOCX), and Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected.
 

Length

Manuscripts (Commentaries, Check lists, Research articles, Technical papers) must not exceed 3000 words. History of Science and Review articles must not exceed 10.000 words. There are no restrictions on number of figures and tables, or amount of supporting information. However, concision will be appreciated.
 

Font

Use Time or Times New Roman, 12 point size and Symbol font for mathematical symbols (in the text and in the figures). To add symbols to the manuscript, use the Insert →Symbol function in your word processor or paste in the appropriate Unicode character.
Do not underline.
Use italics, bold or bold italics.
 

Headings

Leave a line space between paragraphs and sections. Make sure heading levels are clearly indicated in the manuscript text.
 

Layout and spacing

Text should be A4 format, double-spaced and justified.
Do not format text in multiple columns.
 

Page and line numbers

Include page numbers and line numbers in the manuscript file, using continuous line numbers.
 

Footnotes

Footnotes are not permitted. Move the information contained in footnotes into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.
 

Language

Manuscripts must be submitted in English. Both American English and British English are accepted but choice must be  consistent throughout the manuscript.
Prior to submission, Authors who believe their manuscripts would benefit from professional editing are encouraged to resort  to language-editing. This service is the responsibility of the author and should be done before initial submission. These services can be found on the web. The use of any manuscript editing service does not ensure that the manuscript is accepted for publication.
 

Abbreviations

Define abbreviations upon their first appearance in the text, keep them to a minimum.
 

Nomenclature

Use correct and established nomenclature wherever possible.
 

Scientific species names

Use italics (e.g., Canis lupus). Write out in full the genus and species, both in the title of the manuscript and at the first mention of an organism; after  the first mention, the initial of the genus name followed by the full specific name may be used (e.g., C. lupus).
 

Units of measurement

Use SI units.
 
 

Animal research

All research involving vertebrates or cephalopods must obtain the approval from the Authors' Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) or equivalent ethics committee(s), and must have been conducted according to applicable national and international guidelines.
Approval must be received prior to beginning research.
Manuscripts reporting animal research must state in the Materials and Methods section the full name of the relevant ethics committee that approved the work, and the associated permit number(s).
Where ethical approval is not required, the manuscript should include a clear statement of this and the reason why. Provide any relevant regulations under which the study is exempt from the requirement for approval. Give relevant details of steps taken to minimize animal suffering.
 

Ethics note

BORNH will not publish research on any type of samples, organism, or specimens that were obtained without the necessary permission or were illegally exported.
 

Cover letter

Attach a cover letter as a separate file.
Please note that papers will not be considered for review and will be returned to Authors if the cover letter is not sent to BORNH  via the e-mail address Questo indirizzo email è protetto dagli spambots. È necessario abilitare JavaScript per vederlo.
The cover letter should include an of the explication of the   contribution of the manuscript to the scientific literature and its  reference to previously published work, state that manuscripts has not been published elsewhere and has not been simultaneously submitted to another journal; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institute or laboratory where the work has been carried out.
 
Indicate also the type of article (for example, review article, research article, species check list etc.) and suggest the appropriate Academic Editors (see the full list of Academic Editors)
 
 

Manuscripts organization

 

1) Title page

 First page of manuscript. It should contain:
 

- Title of the manuscript.

Titles should be written in bold, capitalising only the first word of the title, the first word of the subtitle, and any proper nouns and genus names.
Full title must be 250 characters maximum.
Avoid acronyms and specialist abbreviations in the title if possible.
 

- Author(s).

Full first name(s), middle initials and surname(s).
Do not include titles (Dr., PhD, Professor, etc).
Corresponding Author must be indicated with an asterisk as a superscript mark (*).
Include e-mail address of corresponding Author and provide an ORCID iD under e-mail address (if possible).
The Corresponding Author must be the submitting Author. The corresponding author is the primary contact for the journal office and the only one that will receive mail about manuscript status while it is under editorial consideration.
The corresponding Author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review and speaks on behalf of all Authors.  
 
Equally contributing Authors must be indicated with other any symbol as superscript mark and clearly specified..
 

- Author(s) affiliation.

Author(s) affiliation should be as complete as possible, including Department, Division, Section, Institution, City, State, Country. Do not include ZIP or Postal Codes, street addresses, or building/office numbers.
Authors must also include the address of their affiliation at the time of the study. If an Author has multiple affiliations, enter only the preferred or primary affiliation. Author affiliations will be listed in the same order as the Authors.
Use superscript numbers to refer affiliation(s) to author(s).
Affiliation footnotes should appear in order of the referring Authors and in numerical order.
 
NOTE: Please double-check the Authors’ information carefully to make sure it is correct.
Changing the author list after submission requires agreement from all Authors. This includes additions, deletions, and changes in ordering. Requests must come from the corresponding Author along with an explanation for the change. If the change is deemed to be appropriate, the corresponding Author must receive and provide to BORNH the consent to the change from all the Authors, including any one being added, deleted, or reordered
 
- List of e-mail address of all the author(s).
 List all Author’s initials in parentheses and after their e-mail address.
 
 

2) Abstract

The Abstract comes after the title page in the manuscript file.
The Abstract should not exceed 300 words.
It should describe clearly the scope and main conclusions of the study, including model organisms used, without methodological detail, summarising the most important results and their significance.
Abstracts should not include citations and abbreviations.
Abstract must be written in English (see Language section for details) and also an Italian version must be provided.
 

3) Keywords

 
Normally 3-5 words suitable for information-retrieval systems
 

4) Main text

 
Introduction
The introduction should provide pertinent background to the study allowing readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study. Define the problem addressed and why it is important. Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.
 
 
Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should provide enough detail to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate your study.
Materials, methods, and protocols well established elsewhere, may be cite by articles where those protocols are described in detail, but the submission should include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.
Specific information and/or protocols for new methods should be included in detail.
 
Results
This section should describe the results of the experiments without any comment.
 
Discussion
This section should contain the interpretation of the results and the conclusions that can be drawn.
Authors should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research.
 
Acknowledgments
The acknowledgements should be as brief as possible.
This section mentions those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be mentioned.
 
Author contributions
Provide the contribution of  each Author, using the following taxonomy:
  • Conceptualisation: Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
  • Data Curation: Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and keep research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data themselves) for initial use and later reuse.
  • Formal Analysis:Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyse or synthesise data.
  • Funding Acquisition:Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to the publication.
  • Investigation: Conducting research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
  • Methodology:Development or design of methodology; creation of models.
  • Project Administration: Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
  • Resources:Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
  • Writing – Original and Final Draft Preparation: Creation and/or presentation of the published work.
 
Financial Disclosure Statement
This information should describe sources of funding that supported the work, including specific grant numbers, full names of commercial companies that funded the study or Authors, URLs to sponsors’ websites.
If the study was unfunded, include this sentence as the Financial Disclosure Statement: “The  Author(s) declare that no specific funding was received for this work.”
 
Competing interests
All potential competing interests must be declared in full. This information should not be given in your manuscript file but will provided via e-mail to Editor in Chief Questo indirizzo email è protetto dagli spambots. È necessario abilitare JavaScript per vederlo..
If there are no competing interests, include the following sentence: “The Author(s) declare that they have  no competing interests for this work.”
 
References
References are listed at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. Each citation in the text must be accompanied by a full reference in the list of references and viceversa.
 
Reference style
In-text, citations are as follows:
1 author: (author last name year), i.e. (Darwin 1859).
2 authors: (author last name & author last name year), i.e. (Watson & Crick 1953).
3 or more authors: (first author last name et al., years), i.e. (Kress et al., 2015).
In the list of citation, APA format should be preferred for reference style. An examples of APA format is: “Watson, J. D.,& Crick, F. H. C. (1953). Molecular structure of nucleic acids: A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature, 171(3), 737-738.”
 
However, any type of style for reference is accepted  provided it is kept consistent throughout reference list.
 
Unpublished work, including manuscripts that have been submitted but not yet accepted (e.g., “unpublished work,” “data not shown”)  are not citable in the reference list. Personal communications are permitted but these should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors).
 
 
Figures and figure captions
Figures must be cited in the text according to numerical number.
Cite figure(s) in the text as Fig.1. Cite multiple figures as “Fig. 1 and 2” or “Fig. 1, 2 and 3”.
Each figure caption should appear directly after the paragraph in which they are first cited. Cite “figure” in caption as “Figure 1:” (in bold) follow by figure caption.
Figures must be uploaded as individual files in TIFF (300dpi) or PFD format.
Figure files should be saved as “Figure 1”.
 
Tables and Table Citations
Tables must be cited in the text according to numerical number.
Cite table(s) in the text as Tab.1. Cite multiple tables as “Tab. 1 and 2” or “Tab. 1, 2 and 3”.
Each table caption should appear directly after the paragraph in which they are first cited. Cite “table” in caption as “Table 1:” (in bold) following by table caption.
Do not use empty rows to create spacing.
Do not include graphic objects, images, or colored text.
Tables must be uploaded as individual files in xlsx format.
Table files should be saved as “Table1”.
 
Supporting information
Supporting figures or tables must be cited in the text according to numerical number.
Cite supporting figures (or tables) in the text as Fig.S1 (Tab. S1). Cite multiple supporting figures as “Fig. S1 and S2 (Tab. S1 and S2)” or “Fig. S1, S2 and S3 (Tab. S1, S1 and S3)”.
List Supporting Information captions at the end of the manuscript in a section titled “Supporting information”. Cite figures or tables in caption as “Figure S1: (Table S1:)” (in bold), following by figure (or table) caption. Supporting information must be uploaded as individual files.
Supporting Information files should be saved as “Figure S1”, “Table S1”, etc.
All supporting information will be subject to peer review.
All file types can be submitted, but files must be smaller than 20 MB in size
 
 
Permissions
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, text passages and all other types of data that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the sources and the authors of the manuscript will have responsibility for this.
 
Large data sets, including raw data, methodological details, etc. accepted for publication on BORNH, will be deposited in  a dedicated data-base created by BORNH, shared on-line with the scientific community, freely available to any researcher wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes. Authors that accepted the publication of their manuscript on BORNH, automatically also  agree to make their data public.
 
 
Publication Fees
Publication on BORNH is free of charge.
 

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